The team at National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) set a new world record – they teleported packets of light over 60 miles (100km) of optical fiber.
Quantum teleportation is a process by which the exact state of an atom or photon can be transmitted from one location to another, with the help of previously shared quantum entanglement between the sending and receiving location. According to quantum physicists, all particles are interconnected, even when separated over large distances. Thus, the action of one particle directly affects the others.
As professor Michio Kaku says:
You know the expression ‘Beam me up Scotty’? We used to laugh at it. We used to laugh when someone talked about teleportation, but we don’t laugh anymore. Quantum teleportation already exists [and] I think within a decade we will teleport the first molecule.